Migrating to Windows Server 2012 R2 on a TinkerTry'd Supermicro SuperServer Bundle 2 8-Core Xeon D with built-in Intel RSTe RAID, by Steve Shanks
I'm pleased to present you with the result of a massive installation and documentation effort by a TinkerTry fan. This voluntary article was authored by Greater Detroit's Steve Shanks, who is currently a Senior Consultant at The Speedware Company. He volunteered to help speed folks right through finding 10GbE drivers, implementing RAID, configuring drive monitoring and more, all carefully documented as he deployed his beloved SuperServer Bundle 2. TinkerTry doesn't normally feature guest posts, but knew you'd really appreciate this exception, along with his related Install Windows Server 2016 & Hyper-V on a TinkerTry'd Supermicro SuperServer Bundle 2 8-Core Xeon D with built-in Intel RSTe RAID, by Steve Shanks.
Having performed a successful migration from and replacement of one of his existing VM hosts to the SuperServer Bundle 2 and Windows 2012 R2, Steve purchased a second SuperServer Bundle 2 and has done the same for his other existing VM host. Smaller footprint, quieter running and less power consumption. Mission accomplished!
Warning: This article is published on a at-your-own-risk basis, with no free support or guarantees implied, see also the usual detailed Disclaimer below. If you own a TinkerTry'd Bundle, you have a known-good Bundle, and you may want to leave your questions below for best-effort community assistance. I have not "TinkerTry'd" (tested) the exact configuration detailed in this article.
Note that Xeon D easily allows you to do nesting testing, running Hyper-V and VMware on one system, concurrently. Maximum flexibility and versatility for the IT Professional and amateur enthusiast alike. For even better speeds, you can dual-boot Hyper-V and VMware. That said, unlike peanut butter and chocolate, you'll want to keep your hypervisor's boot devices AND datastores (NTFS and VMFS) completely separate. Also note that Intel RST/RSTe hardware/software combo has its detractors, and isn't support by any VMware hypervisor.
- Paul Braren, TinkerTry.com
- Not All 2.5” to 3.5” Conversion Trays Are Created Equal
- Physical Drive Configuration
- Download the Manual
- Standard Settings to Change
- RAID Related BIOS Changes
- Download the System Driver CD
- Download the Installation Image
- iKVM/IPMI IP Address Identification and Access
- Mount the O.S. Image on the Server
- Mount the Driver CD
- Fresh Installation
- Do not Install Any Windows Updates
- Time and Time Zone Settings
- Install Drivers
- Provision Hard Drives
- Configure Hyper-V Default Locations in Hyper-V Settings
- Configuration of Virtual Network Switches
- Virtual Network Switch Properties
I have been running two host servers for seven and five years respectively. These servers are AMD based and run Windows Server 2008 R2 with the Hyper-V role installed to provide virtualization services for numerous VMs engaged in the pursuit of my consulting and development businesses. The ability to run multiple VMs of various operating systems each with hardware independence sure beat the physical server game that I played before that.
These servers feature multiple LAN connections, RAID-1 arrays of disks and suitable UPS power conditioning. However, although disks have been rotated out on a 3-year rotating schedule and power supplies have been changed, they are at the end of their useful life and need replacing.
Since the servers were built from components that I selected, the process of replacing them requires selecting new equipment, equipment that works well together and is reliable. That sort of decision making is tedious to say the least. Not only that, when things do not work out first time, there are all of the unknowns of whether the issues lies in one’s process or in the hardware itself.
Enter TinkerTry. In doing some research for the nth time, I came across this site. And during that process discovered all of the amazing research that Paul Braren had done on exactly the process I was undertaking.
My givens were:
- Intel server processor based.
- RAID built-in.
- 2 LAN NICs built in
- 64GB memory minimum.
- Support Microsoft Hyper-V hypervisor.
My druthers were:
- SSD support.
- Small footprint.
- 3 or more NICs built in.
- Low power consumption.
And that’s exactly what Paul’s Bundled systems provide: My givens and druthers. All of them. After a few emails were exchanged, I decided on the 8-core D-1541 based Bundle 2 which I sourced from WiredZone as their item SYS-5028D-TN4T-BUNDLE2.
The beauty of one of these bundled systems is that they basically work right out of the box. No assembly required. Well, except for installing hard drives.
The system shipped the next business day after it was ordered and arrived 3 days later.
The Supermicro system has four 3.5” hot swap bays and two 2.5” drive bays that are not hot-swappable.
Separately, I also sourced from another vendor four Samsung EVO 850 SSDs; two @ 250gb as a RAID-1 pair for the O.S. and two @ 500gb as a RAID-1 pair for the VMs primary virtual HD. Additionally, a pair of Western Digital Black 2TB HDDs. These would also be paired in RAID-1 configuration.
I also ordered converter trays for the SSDs to fit into the 3.5” drive bays. These were themselves bundled with the SSDs.
All that is left is to select the host operating system and then commence the build.
In my givens is a Microsoft operating system. Microsoft’s hypervisor Hyper-V can run as a role on a regular Windows Server edition or it can be a standalone operating system in its own right. However, when on its own, there is no GUI provided and, IMO, unless you support this stuff for a living, for the home virtual server, it is too much aggravation.
I am on 2008R2 and so the choices are really, having discounted the stand-alone hypervisor:
a) Windows Server 2012 R2 with Hyper-V role
b) Windows Server 2016 with Hyper-V role
I chose the former (option a) since it is a stable operating system having been out for a number of years. The only function it will perform is hosting services (plus later fax and print services).
Microsoft Developer Network, MSDN, offers various subscriptions that include development server licenses. There are other programs too, such as BizSpark, that provide similar benefits. And many others.
To summarize, we have the following hardware:
- Supermicro D-1541 8-core bundle 2 64gb memory
- RAID-1 pair for operation system: Samsung EVO 850 SSD 250gb
- RAID-1 pair for primary virtual HD: Samsung EVO 850 SSD 500gb
- RAID-1 pair for backup and secondary virtual hard drives: WD Black 2TB
The plan will be to:
- Install the hardware.
- Configure the BIOS and RAID.
- Install Windows Server 2012 R2 with Hyper-V role.
- Migrate VMs from the newest existing server.
- Reimage that server as Windows Server 2012 R2 with Hyper-V.
- Migrate VMs from the oldest existing server to that reimaged server.
- Decommission the oldest server.
This paper will deal with 1 through 4.
There is an excellent article and video on unboxing and installing hardware found here. That formed the basis for my installation process.
Mentioned in the selection process is the fact that conversion trays were bundled with the SSDs to allow them to be mounted into the 3.5” bays. There were two problems with this: first, only two were needed. The server has four 3.5” hot swap bays. Two of these only would be occupied by the SSDs. The other two bays would be occupied by the WD HDDs and the other two SSDs would be housed in 2.5” bays in the chassis and not hot swappable.
The second problem was the trays themselves. It seems that not all trays are built equal.
If you order a Supermicro SuperServer bundle-2 or bundle-3, it is your responsibility to add drives to it since none come with it. The same may be true for a bundle-1 if you plan on adding additional disk storage.
Today, you very well may install SSDs into your SuperServer since the price point is now very competitive. The server comes with 4 drive bays accessible from the front door and 2 that are attached within the case. The 2 within the case are for 2.5” drives only so SSDs mount naturally here since this is the main standard format for a SSD. The 4 others are hot-sway drive bays specifically sized for 3.5” drives.
So if you want to put a 2.5” SSD (or 2.5” regular HDD) into one of these bays, you will need a 2.5” to 3.5” adapter, better known as a caddy.
Just go to Amazon, for example, and order your SSD. You will likely get a choice to bundle a caddy in with it:
Ah, I need a caddy. Check. Corsair is a known name. Check. 5 star rating. Check. Press the purchase button, wait a day or so and the pair of items arrive at your front door. Check. Could not be easier.
You screw the SSD into the caddy, screw the caddy into the hot-swap tray that came with the server. Press it into place and…
Not so fast there. The tray does not go all the way in and you cannot close the fastener. What’s up with this?
Here is the answer…
This particular Corsair caddy (CSSD-BRKT2) does hold the 2.5” drive. But it places it in a position such that the power and controller connections of the SSD are not quite in the same exact place as the same connections would be found on a 3.5” HDD. This represents no problem if you have a regular server where you are connecting power and controller cables. But for a hot-swap bay, these need to be in the exact same position as a HDD because that is where the fixed connectors are at the back of the hot swap bay.
So back to the web you need to go and that project that you had planned for today, or this weekend, gets put off. Plus you need to make a return, plus…. You get the picture.
The bundle above adds about $8-$10 to the price of the SSD. Not much money which makes pressing the bundle button easy to do. A bundle for your SuperServer bundle. Pun intended.
So what to do…. You could buy a caddie that looks like this…
This has a connector for the SSD in the middle and has the correct HDD connector positioning at the back (front left in this image). This would be fine, but personal, I prefer to have fewer electrical connections and this adds an unnecessary one.
A better choice is to go with one you know puts the SSD in the correct place in the first place.
You bought a Supermicro SuperServer, so why not go with the product that matches your bundle? Here it is:
Supermicro p/n MCP-220-0043-0N, in the $10-$15 range depending on where you buy it. Not just is it a caddy (yes there is one in there, so if you prefer to put that in your original supplied tray you can do that) but it is the whole ball of wax. Ready to go, guaranteed to fit and get you going. Just crew in the SSD, pull out your empty tray and slot this one in.
So when you’re looking for that SSD adapter or caddy, make sure that you get one that will do the job.
Bay 0 is the bottom of the 4 hot swappable bays and 3 is the top one. Bay 4 is on top of the hot swappable cartridge and bay 5 is on the left side. My preference is to house drives that make up a RAID-1 pair in adjacent bays.
|0||0||Samsung SSD 850 EVO 500GB (466GB SSD)|
|1||1||Samsung SSD 850 EVO 500GB (466GB SSD)|
|2||2||WDC WD2003FZEX-00SRLA0 (1.8TB HDD)|
|3||3||WDC WD2003FZEX-00SRLA0 (1.8TB HDD)|
|4||4||Samsung SSD 850 EVO 250GB (223GB SSD)|
|5||5||Samsung SSD 850 EVO 250GB (223GB SSD)|
Buy the appropriate conversion caddies and follow the instructions in the video for all other installation tips.
One more thing: Everything about the Supermicro system is first class quality and implementation.
A link to the manual can be found here:
In the video of the installation, there are very few suggested changes to the BIOS from those values configured on the delivered system. Just make those changes plus identify to the BIOS any SSDs.
|Menu Section||Setting||Default||New Value||Comments|
|Advanced/Boot Feature||Boot NumLock State||On||Off||Personal preference.|
|Advanced/Power Configuration||Restore on AC Power Loss||Last State||Last State||You may also use Power-On which will turn on the server even if it was off before.|
|Advanced/SATA Configuration||Port n SATA device type||Hard Disk Drive||Solid State Drive||Do this for all SSDs.|
|Boot Settings||Boot Mode Select||DUAL||UEFI|
In addition to the changes recommended in the installation video, there are RAID-specific ones:
|Menu Section||Setting||Default||New Value||Comments|
|Advanced/SATA Configuration||Configure SATA as||AHCI||RAID||Needed for further RAID configuration. You must reboot after setting this to get the RAID configuration utility to appear on this menu.|
|Advanced/SATA Configuration||SATA RAID Option ROM/UEFI Driver||Legacy||EFI|
|Advanced/Intel RSTe SATA Controller*||Create RAID volumes with the utility exposed on this menu section. See below for mapping.|
* Change “Configure SATA as” to “RAID”, save settings and reboot for this option to be shown.
The process of creating the RAID-1 pairs is very simple. Select the
Create RAID Volume and from there, select from the list of drives which ones you want and then name the volumes. At the end of this process, here is the set of names created for RAID-1 pairs:
After that you can select any volume to see the details of it:
The BIOS modifications are minimal and straight forward. Make sure to reboot after selecting RAID mode for the
Configure SATA as option. This will expose the RAID configuration utility on that same screen after the reboot.
A link to the driver CD can be found here: https://www.supermicro.com/products/motherboard/Xeon/D/X10SDV-TLN4F.cfm
Download the driver CD. If there is one beef I have about this system is that there is no driver CD included. Yes, there is no drive on the system to read it, but normally one has plenty of these available.
The link leads to a choice of an ISO or an archive RAR file. Download your preference. If you download the archive, then extract the ISO from it. The ISO is what you need.
You will need an ISO image for the installation CD/DVD. For this install, the name of the image used was
en_windows_server_2012_r2_with_update_x64_dvd_6052708.iso from July 2015.
Refer to the resources in the appendices for links for various Windows releases.
You will need to obtain the address of the iKVM interface. This is displayed on the VGA screen in the bottom right corner. See the unbox video at the 40:40 mark for information on this.
When you have that address, you can then use a regular browser to access that address. This will give you a certificate warning that you should ignore. The default user name and password are both ADMIN in uppercase.
Once the user name and password are authenticated, you will be presented with a status display. This displays the firmware and the BIOS versions: 3.26 and 1.1c respectively are the latest versions available and come preinstalled so no updates are necessary.
From here there is the capability to virtual mount ISO images. This can be done via the
Virtual Media menu but it is not always clear what entries are to be made. Instead, use the Java interface.
Remote Control from the menu, then
Console Redirection, then
Launch Console. After a series of prompts from the Java engine, you will get the remote access console. Go to the
Virtual Media menu:
From there it is intuitive what to do and is also shown in the video https://tinkertry.com/supermicro-superserver-sys-5028d-tn4t-bundle2-12-core-unboxing-and-assembly. Look for the 53:31 mark for further information.
- Select a device from the device tabs: 1, 2 or 3.
- Logical drive type: ISO
- Open Image: browse to your image
- Plug In: check the status is plugged in.
Mount this into device 1:
Later on you can unmount it using the
Plug Out option.
In addition to mounting the operating installation DVD, you should also mount the driver CD previously downloaded. This will be the ISO and not the RAR. This should be mounted using the iKVM software as above.
Later on you can unmount it using the
Plug Out option.
The goal of this paper is not to go through every step of an operating system installation but to direct you around the landmines that you would unnecessarily waste significant time overcoming.
Having said that, upon a new reboot, the server will go to a boot menu where you can boot from the O.S. ISO.
Remarkably, the install is straight forward. The only real choice is to decide which drive of the three RAID volumes you will install the drive on. For this case study, it is the volume named EVO850-250.
At the completion of this step, there will be many devices that do not yet have drivers installed.
At this point in the install do not install any Windows updates.
You should select the time zone and time settings for the server. There should be internet access if you have the server so connected such that the time will refresh from a NTTP time server.
The driver CD was previously mounted on a virtual drive. Execute the setup.exe.
Install the RAID drivers
The first drivers to install should be the RAID drivers. Select
Intel Rapid Storage Technology Enterprise. This will lead to a warning message:
The issue is that the Windows install installed a version 220.127.116.119 and that is a more recent version number than the one that comes on the driver CD.
Well, the answer here is to plow on anyway. The truth is that the driver version and names are messed up. The correct action is to install the drivers from the driver CD without regards for this warning as the driver is in fact newer, though with a lower number.
Yes to install the “older” driver. Immediately, you should reboot and then examine the driver installed:
So the name is different, the date is newer and the version number is “older” (18.104.22.1686 versus 22.214.171.1249). Really, this should not have been identified by the installer as an older version of the same driver because it is actually a different driver.
The good news is that now you do not have to worry about picking
Yes because there has already been a guinea pig for this!
With this software installed, you can now control your RAID from Windows. This is comparable to the AMD tool named RAID Xpert.
With this software you can:
- Monitor RAID volume status
- Create new ROAD volumes
- Remove failed drives
- Rebuild existing volumes
- Break RAID volumes into non-RAID drives
At this time, you can configure email notifications so that you receive an email when the RAID status changes:
Check all of the options of what to receive, specify an SMTP host, a sender email address and one or more recipients. The sender and recipient can be the same user. Press
Apply Changes to save it off.
Install Intel Chipset Device Software
This is the first choice on the driver CD. After installing this software, you should reboot the server.
After this install, the RAID drivers are still good and there are just two devices that have no driver:
Install 10G Ethernet Drivers
The two remaining devices with drivers are the 10G Ethernet ports.
There is an option on the driver CD to install the
X557 10G driver. You can select this, press
Yes twice and nothing much seems to happen:
Instead, go to the device manager, select the first of the two Ethernet devices, right click and select
Update driver software:
Browse for software on this computer and select the driver CD, along with checking
include subfolders and press
The driver will be loaded successfully:
Repeat this process for the second port. After that is completed, all ports are now configured and all devices have drivers:
Install SuperDoctor 5 (SD5)
Pick all of the default settings and it will complete:
Test run it from the desktop icon that was installed...
Login with the default user name/password of ADMIN/ADMIN. There is one more piece of software to install for this. Scroll down to the hard drives and install the Smartmontools so that the monitoring of the drives can occur:
After the next reboot, the status of these will be reflected correctly:
A note of warning here: there is a bug in the SD5 software where it caches information on the drives installed. If you have a non-RAID drive installed and you later RAID-1 this drive, the status will be reflected correctly in the BIOS, and in the Intel RSTe monitoring software installed previously. However, it will not be reflected correctly in SD5 which will indicate that the driver that was in the system originally is now missing.
This can be fixed by uninstalling the SD5 and then re-installing both it plus the Smartmontools.
Use the disk manager to define partitions, format and name volumes. Use the
Computer Management console for this purpose. Once completed, it will look something like this (although the newly formatted volumes will be 100% empty unlike this image):
I split up my HDD into two volumes and allocated names accordingly:
|SAMSUNG EVO 850 250GB RAID-1||250GB||C:||O.S.|
|WD 2TB RAID-1||WD2TBVOL1||740GB||M:||Non-primary VHDs, scratch space.|
|WD 2TB RAID-1||WD2TBVOL2||1000GB||N:||Backup VHDs|
|SAMSUNG EVO 850 500GB RAID-1||500GB||V:||Primary VHDs|
At this point in time, internet access should be available. The network is defined as a public network and there are 4 NICs assigned to it.
If you want to make the network private and rename it, this can be done in local policy. Run GPEDIT.MSC then select Windows Settings/Security Settings/Network List Manager Policies and pick the network name,
Network in this instance...
Double click the network name, then select a name for it, change the type to Private on the Network Location tab:
The network will now be shown as private with the new name if one was selected:
Change advanced sharing settings from the left side of the screen and then, for private networks, turn on network discovery so that this server see other systems on the network (if you so wish)... Also, if you turn on file and printer sharing (if you wish), the machine will be visible to other systems:
If you want to allow remote access to the computer (which you likely do since iKVM is not likely to be your choice), enable this in Control Panel/Security Settings/System Properties/Remote...
You might also chose to rename those connections too. I chose to use names that define their speed as I find it makes it easier to distinguish them:
You can also change the machine name at this point as well as joining a domain or workgroup. That is done in the Control Panel/System and Security/System. It will require a reboot.
Now is the time to do Windows Updates. There are approximately 200 of them to download and somewhere north of 1 GB of download to be done. There are a number of reboots in this process. Keep repeating the process of checking for and installing new updates.
You should set your preference for when updates are done. A good preference for a hosting server is to download but not install:
There are almost 200 updates to download and install:
Check for updates again. This time, they will install. Of course, you could have changed the Windows Update configuration to automatic install first, done the updates and then changed the setting to download by ask what to install.
Once they are installed, repeat the process until everything is up to date. You can also inaugurate the optional updates:
We now have a fully operational up to date Windows Server 2012 R2 installation. The next step is to install the Hyper-V role. This is straight forward:
The Hyper-V role is installed through the
Server Manager and the
Configure this local server option.
We will be configuring this server for the role. So select the
Role-base or feature-based installation option:
Pick your server from the list and press
Hyper-V and then accept the additional features that will be installed due to this selection. Then press
Add Features and then
You do not need to add any extra features, so just press
Next will appear the Hyper-V configuration. Press
Next at the intro screen:
Next up will be the virtual switch configuration screen. I prefer to not configure them in this wizard, but to do them individually after the role has been installed. So uncheck all of the NICs and press
Next. Note that this screen is from another install. For the SuperServer, there will be 4 NICs listed here which should all be changed to be uncheck before you press
Next up is virtual machine migration configuration. This is an advanced use of Hyper-V and is beyond the scope of this paper. You can read up more on it here:
Nevertheless, if you want this capability, you can set up the network settings with the
Hyper-V Manager later. So make sure that the option is unchecked and press
The next configuration topic is setting up default locations for virtual machines and hard drives. At this point, just use the default settings. We will change them later. Press
The final step is a confirmation. Check
Restart the destination server automatically if required and press yes, then press
The install will now proceed and you can monitor the progress until it is completed and the server will reboot.
The Hyper-V is controlled through the Hyper-V Manager which is a tool available in the Server Manager console:
This displays the Hyper-V Manager which displays the status of all VMs (there would be none at this stage of the installation):
When there are configured VMs, the display would look something like this with the status, CPU usage, memory and up time being displayed:
This step could have been done during the role installation. If it was not done there, or you want to change the current settings, it is done through the
Hyper-V Manager and the
Hyper-V Settings action:
The default settings are on the C: drive. I prefer to reserve that drive for the O.S. and a few other items. Instead, the V: drive is the one that is allocated in my plan for both VM machine configuration files as well as primary virtual hard drives (VHDs).
Create folders in Windows Explorer and then configure each of the items:
In order for a VM to communicate with a network, there must be a network switch available for it to use. These are all virtual and are configured in the Hyper-V Manager.
Hyper-V defines three types of network:
|External||The virtual switch is connected to a physical network card. The host server may or may not be configured to be able to access the network. If no host access is permitted, VMs that share this switch are isolated from other VMs and the host. This can be useful if those VMs are to be isolated from others from a network perspective. My configuration only has external networks defined.|
|Internal||The virtual switch implements a network that exists only within this host server. Any VMs connected to this switch can communicate with each other and the host server (assuming appropriate other network settings within those VMs).|
|Private||This is the same as an internal switch, except that the host server cannot access the network. Thus it is private to the VMs.|
External Network for LAN Access
In order that a VM has access to a LAN, an external network needs to be defined.
This defines a network that can communicate through the #2 1G Ethernet port. In this configuration that will be connected to a LAN. The fact that I have named it 192.168.1.xxx Network has no bearing on the actual addresses available on the LAN. It is just a switch and just like a real one. So, any VM connecting to that switch would be need to be configured as if the switch were real. So, for example, it might be configured like one of these:
External Network for Internet Access
Although the external network defined in the prior section (External Network for LAN access) could have access to the internet through that LAN, there would typically be a firewall in place for that.
If you want a VM to be connected directly to the internet, for example, it hosts a web server, an email server or something that may or may not be behind a firewall, then you would typically reserve a separate physical NIC for that purpose. In this case, you do not want your host server to have access to that network (nor vice versa) and so you would configure your external network virtual switch so that it was not shared with the host server. The only difference between this one and the prior one is that one setting:
An example of this would be where you define, within your webserver VM a static IP address which coincides with one provided by your internet provider. The physical network port would be wired to the provider’s modem, such as that provided by the Comcast Business Internet Service.
Once a physical port has been defined for use with an external network provided by a virtual network switch, that NIC is no longer part of the network connections from this host. After the above two virtual switches were defined, the 1g devices no longer show up here:
Compare that with the image when the network was made private (see
Configure Network above) where all four are present.
Note that these devices all still appear in both device manager and a list of network adapters, though the configuration of each is very different now. Regular on top and virtual network switch on the bottom:
The primary exercise here is to migrate VMs from an existing Windows Server 2008 R2 system that is being decommissioned. Nevertheless, here are the steps necessary to create a new VM and the first step in installing an O.S. on it.
A new VM can be created through the Hyper-V Manager. From the
Actions panel, for this server, select
New and then
Next to dismiss the splash screen. Then enter a name (optionally specify a location for the VM’s configuration that differs from the default) and press
Pick a generation for the virtual hard drive. This choice is beyond the scope of this article. For more information see https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server-docs/compute/hyper-v/plan/should-i-create-a-generation-1-or-2-virtual-machine-in-hyper-v.
Here the selection is
Pick the amount of memory for this VM. No need for dynamic memory on this server with 64GB of memory. Information on dynamic memory (possibly for low use VMs) is found here:
Pick a virtual network switch to use. There is more information on virtual switches in an earlier section on virtual network switches:
Pick a size for the virtual hard drive and a location (which are both left at their defaults here):
An O.S. can be installed now or later. Later is picked here:
The summary is next. Note that the number of processors for this VM has not been specified at this point. Select
Finish to continue:
The VM is now shown in the
Hyper-V Manager display. The status is
The final step before loading an O.S. would be to adjust other VM configuration settings like number of processors, additional network switches and additional drives. Select Settings under the VM’s panel:
Modify processor count:
Add a new hard drive to one of the controllers:
The resulting dialog offers a choice of controller, unit, an existing or new file:
Selecting new offers choices of type, size and format. You can find further information on this subject here:
When the VM is fully configured, an O.S. can be installed. The simple way to do this is to mount an image file onto a virtual DVD drive and then power up (start) the VM. The O.S. installation will commence as the VM boots from the installed DVD image.
The steps for this are described in the companion article for Windows Server 2016 found here.
If you are going to migrate existing VMs from one server to another, you need to have a target machine that essentially matches (or is very similar to) the source host for hardware resources. For an individual VM, this is easy for processors, memory and virtual hard drives. Where it can be problematic is in virtual network switches. Fortunately, since the Supermicro server has four NICs (in addition to the iKVM port), the chance of your needing additional NICs is probably remote. Thus the virtual switch configuration should be a non-issue.
The typical process for moving a small number of VMs from one host to another is to export the VM from one machine, move the files created to the new machine and then import the VM.
I say small number, since if you have a large number, then you are likely using Microsoft System Center to manage your VMs and so likely not interested in this article!
It’s not so straight forward with Windows Server 2012 R2 if the source of the VMs is a Windows Server 2008 R2 or earlier version. Those would be if we were going to Windows Server 2012.
Why is this?
This snippet is found at https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn303411(v=ws.11).aspx which describes the features that have been removed from Windows Server 2012 R2:
What does it mean? Well, it means that the format of the VM configuration file of Windows 2008 R2 is no longer supported. This means that you cannot just export a VM from Windows 2008 R2 and import it into Windows 2012 R2. This seems unbelievable that Microsoft would do that, but it is true. There is much written on the web about this particular issue. Anyway, it is what it is.
Oh, and the reason that it is not a problem for Windows Server 2012 is that the feature is deprecated and still present. Thus the export and import strategy works fine.
So what are the solutions?
From https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/dn872560(v=ws.11).aspx, the suggestions are:
|In-place upgrade||Not available here since this is new hardware.|
|Manual copy VHD and VM configuration files.||Well, this is not really an option since you cannot import the Windows Server 2008 R2 configuration files. As the article there notes: “Exporting a virtual machine from Windows Server 2008 R2 and importing it on a server running Windows Server 2012 R2 is not supported.”|
|Migrate to Windows Server 2012 and then migrate to Windows Server 2012 R2||Seriously, Microsoft?|
There is plenty of debate on the web about why Microsoft does not make this easy. It’s not an unusual situation. In fact, it was quite normal at the time that Windows Server 2012 R2 was released.
So what to do?
Since this is a home lab site, the focus is on enthusiasts who have home labs or are professionals with similar kinds of arrangements. Therefore, for those, the solution is relatively painless since the number of VMs to be migrated is small. In the author’s case it is about a dozen total spread over a pair of hosts.
The solution is to create a new VM as per the prior section, except to do the following:
- Note the configuration of the source system, noting all VM settings.
- Copy the VM’s VHD(s) to the new platform.
- Create a new VM as per the prior section, using values appropriate for the source system’s VM configuration except:
- Specify the existing VHD copied across that represents the C: drive and do not create a new one.
- Add any additional VHDs to the configuration each specifying one of the other VHDs copied for that VM.
- Add any additional network switches to the configuration for each of the source VM’s additional network. This obviously assumes that comparable network switches are configured for this host when compared with the source host.
Once the VM is created per the above, it can then be started. It should start normally except that there are likely naming issues with the network switches and you will simply select the appropriate switch from those just configured for the VM for each one for which a warning dialog is shown.
After that, the VM should be operational.
This process works for VMs with multiple virtual disks and multiple virtual switches.
Using the procedures described in this article, the author has successfully moved the following VM guest operating system types from prior Windows Server 2008 R2 hosting to Windows 2012 R2 running on the new Supermicro server:
- Windows Server 2012
- Windows Server 2008 & 2008 R2
- Windows 10
- Windows 8
- Windows 7
- Windows Small Business Server 2011
- SuSE Linux
Specifications tab here.
- 8-Core Bundle 2
- Samsung EVO 850
- WD Black 2tb
- Microsoft MSDN Subscriptions
- Microsoft BizSpark
- TinkerTry – Unboxing and installing 12-core bundle 2
- Motherboard manual
- Driver CD
- Hyper-V 2012 R2
- Hyper-V 2016 Resources
All Windows Server versions are available as a free download for evaluation purposes. The Hyper-V standalone version is available as an evaluation with unlimited duration. Full server versions typically carry a 180 expiration. At the end of that evaluation, it is generally not possible to upgrade to a paid version. [Jan 28 2017 clarification added below]
From: Steve Shanks
Sent: Monday, January 23, 2017 11:36 PM
To: Paul Braren
I thought that I should probably give you explicitly full rights to what I sent you. You have my permission to use and publish the contents in part or whole in any way you want, with or without attribution. There, that should be broad enough!
Send me a ping when you have published it. I have a friend I want to show, someone I want to show how easy it is to do this and to get off of his myriad of physical servers.
- Install Windows Server 2016 Hyper-V on a Supermicro SuperServer with built-in Intel RSTe RAID
Jan 27 2017
This is wrong, you can go to paid using dism:
dism /Online /Get-TargetEditionsto discover the editions you can upgrade to, then
dism /Online /Set-Edition:<edition> /ProductKey:<key> /AcceptEulathen reboot
See more here: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/jj574204(v=ws.11).aspx
Somebody out there tested this lately on a Server 2016 evaluation? Please drop a response below, so others will know.
Yes, that was a mistake. Here is the 2016 information: https://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/windows-server-docs/get-started/supported-upgrade-paths which says in part "For releases of Windows Server 2016 prior to 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH, you can only perform conversion from evaluation to retail with Windows Server 2016 that has been installed by using the Desktop Experience option (not the Server Core option). Starting with version 14393.0.161119-1705.RS1_REFRESH and later releases, you can convert evaluation editions to retail regardless of the installation option used."
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Mar 2016 by Microsoft's Dan Stolts, at ITProGuru